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Housing that has changed significantly – Migwaman kagi kitci pakanagogan

In what housing did the Anicinabek live when they were semi-nomadic? A long time ago, the Anicinabek lived in migwamanak. The structure was made of black spruce branches, covered with birch and white spruce bark. The floor was covered with fresh spruce branches except around the fire. The interior was a heated living space, mostly for eating and sleeping.

Anicinabek children and foreigners are in front of a bush camp.



When a family stayed in one place for a long time, they sometimes built a cabin called a misasomikwam. This is what happened when the community settled “down the hill” with houses without electricity in the early 20th century.

Jean P. says, about the houses on the other side of the lake, “Some houses were made of logs and others of planks. The planks were taken from Senneterre where there was a sawmill that allowed the Anicinabek to take the planks that they did not consider adequate.”

It wasn’t until the 1960s, with the move up the hill, that we started living in modern homes. We had to adapt to very different ways of living (such as the indoor toilet). A course was given to about 20 women from the community to teach them how to run a house in the manner of non-indigenous women. For example, they learned how to make curtains.


Newspaper article reporting on hygiene classes for anicinabek women. No picture, text only. Black and white picture.

Article in the journal L’Echo, 1969


Today’s houses cost much more to maintain than a migwam.

The first furniture in the houses built “up the hill” was not handmade. Some chairs, tables and beds came from Amos residential school that had closed its doors.

Anicinabek youth playing field hockey in the streets of the community. The road is snowy and snow lines the driveways. We can see some houses around. Picture in color.

Field hockey game in the community’s streets