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Exiles in Our Own Country

Japanese Canadians in Niagara

Abandoned homes. Empty shops. Separated families. Japanese Canadian communities in British Columbia were lost. Over 22,000 Japanese Canadians were forcibly exiled from B.C. to other provinces or were sent to Japan between 1942-1949. They lived in internment camps, were subjected to forced labour, and had their property and family torn from them. 

The Book

In the late 1980s, Addie Kobayashi was a newcomer to the Niagara Region. Seeking to tell the history of Japanese Canadians in the area, she started an oral history project called Exiles in Our Own Country: Japanese Canadians in Niagara. Addie, and her friend Tom Matsushita, interviewed 19 people exiled to Niagara during the 1940s and 50s. The interviews became a book in 1998.  

Portrait of Tom Matsushima

Tom Matsushita in 1998

Portrait of Addie Kobayashi in 1998

Addie Kobayashi in 1998

In 2019, the Lincoln Museum and Cultural Centre (LMCC) happened upon a copy of Exiles in Our Own Country. The untold story of Japanese Canadians in the Niagara Region during the 1940s was startling. Working with the Japanese Canadian community, the LMCC sought to bring greater awareness of the importance of Japanese Canadians to the region.

The story of Japanese Canadian exile, especially in Eastern Canada, has yet to be fully explored. We hope that this project will begin to fill this gap.

Newspaper clipping with a photo of Addie Kobayashi and Tom Matsushima sitting at a table talking

Exiles in our own land, St. Catharine’s Standard, June 8, 1996.

Many communities will never know the true story of Japanese Canadian exile. It is like a second erasure of our history. We are thrilled that the LMCC has worked to make sure that this story is incorporated into the history of the Niagara Region. While many focus on the internment in B.C., the hardships and accomplishments of the period of exile that followed need more attention.  

– Lynn Kobayashi, President of the Toronto NAJC and daughter of Addie Kobayashi.