The Canadian Red Ensign Flag
Photo from the collection of the Beiseker Station Museum
The Red Ensign was Canada’s informal flag until 1965. It was used to represent Canada on sea, on land, and on all public buildings. It depicts the Union Jack, beside the shield of the Canadian Coat of Arms. The shield is divided into four parts that represent the founding nations of Canada: England, Scotland, Ireland, and the Kingdom of France. In 1965, the Maple Leaf flag replaced the Ensign as Canada’s formal flag.