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  • Aboriginal: thing or person who was there before another one. In archaeological context, it refers to pre-colonial populations.
  • Amerindian: Native people of America excluding the Inuit.
  • BP: Before present. This dating method refers to 1950 of the Common Era. For example, 50 years BP is 1900 of the Common Era. This dating technique is often used by scholars.
  • Carbon 14: an instable carbon isotope that decompose itself on a constant rate. This constant decaying allows chemist to date various artifacts containing carbon.
  • Ceramic: any object made of clay that has been heated at a high temperature like dishware, pipes, tiles or brick.
  • Common Era: Laicistic expression refering to the Gregorain calendar.
  • Cut nail: generally considered as more recent than forged nails. Cut nails are industrially produced by the cutting of an iron rod. They are square-shaped.
  • Eurocanadian: Canadian inhabitant of european origin.
  • Flake: the pieces of a stone produced by the stone knapping process.
  • Flint stone: a piece of silex used to ignite the powder of a musket.
  • Forged nail: a nail made by hand by a blacksmith. Its form is usually irregular, often showing visible marks of hammer.
  • Innu: First Nation of the North Shore of the St. Lawrence of the algonquian linguistic group.
  • Nitassinan: Innu traditional territory.
  • Occupation: a place that has been occupied by a human population for a certain period.
  • Paleohistory: period preceding the written history of a give region.
  • Pine grove: forest mainly covered by pine trees.
  • Porcelain: type of ceramic heated at a very high degree.
  • Sherd: fragment of a ceramic or glass object.
  • Strata: the name given to a layer in a stratigraphy.

Archeo-Mamu Côte-Nord 2020