Disc Harrow -
A harrow equipped with a series of sharp metal disks set on edge or at an angle on one or more axles. Also spelled disk harrow.

Grant -
A transfer of property by deed of conveyance.

Harrow -
A cultivator that pulverizes or smoothes the soil.

Holstein -
Any of a breed of large usually black-and-white dairy cattle originally from northern Holland and Friesland that produce large quantities of comparatively low-fat milk.

Homestead -
A public tract of land acquired by filing a record, living on, and cultivating the tract.

Letters Patent -
In Canada, a published written order issued by representatives of the ruling monarch, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporate body. In this exhibit
Letters Patent refer to a title of land.

Mangel -
A large coarse yellow- to reddish-orange beet grown chiefly as food for cattle.

Pre-emption -
The right of purchasing before others; especially one given by the government to the actual settler upon a tract of public land. The Dominion of Canada granted tracts of land from 1870 to 1930. For details see: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/western-land-grants/index-e.html

Quarter Section -
A tract of surveyed land that is half a mile square measuring 160 acres in size.

Railway Belt -
When British Columbia entered Confederation in 1871, one of the terms of entry was the building of a railway to link the Pacific coast with eastern Canada. To assist in the construction, the province granted the federal government a strip of public land 40 miles in width along the entire length of the railway. This strip became officially known as the "Railway Belt".

Repatriate -
To restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship.

Separator -
A device that separates milk into cream and skimmed milk. Farmers of Brooke's era milked their cows by hand and used a separator to divide the milk. Milk fed the family and the excess used to feed calves and pigs. Cream was saved to make butter and the excess sold.

Silo -
A trench, pit, or tall wood or concrete cylinder usually sealed to exclude air and used for making and storing silage

Silage -
Fodder, readily available livestock food such as hay or straw, converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic acid fermentation

Watercolour -
A painting done in watercolours using paints of water-soluble pigment, applied in transparent washes and without the admixture of white pigment in the lighter tones

Western Land Grant -
A grant of surveyed property issued by the Lands Patent Branch of the Department of the Interior. Canadian records refer to grants issued in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia, c. 1870-1930.