"Obviously, with a wind of such long duration, the seas that were made were such that the lakes are not ordinarily aqainted with. The testimony of masters is that the waves were at least 35 feet high and followed each other in quick succession, three waves ordinarily coming one right after the other. They were considerably shorter than the waves that are formed by an ordinary gale. Being of such height and hurled with such force and rapid succession, the ships must have been subjected to incredible punishment."
-- Report by the Lake Carriers Association